June 17, 2024


Technology and Age

Establishment of a COVID-19 mRNA vaccine technology transfer hub to scale up global manufacturing

WHO and its partners are seeking to expand the capacity of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to produce COVID-19 vaccines and scale up manufacturing to increase global access to these critical tools to bring the pandemic under control.

WHO will facilitate the establishment of one (or more, as appropriate) technology transfer1 hub(s) that will  use a hub and spoke model (REF) to transfer a comprehensive technology package and provide appropriate training to interested manufacturers in LMICs. This initiative will initially prioritize the mRNA-vaccine technology2 but could expand to other technologies in the future.

The intention is for these hubs to enable the establishment of production process at an industrial or semi-industrial level permitting training and provision of all necessary standard operating procedures for production and quality control. It is essential that the technology used is either free of intellectual property constraints in LMICs, or that such rights are made available to the technology hub and the future recipients of the technology through non-exclusive licenses to produce, export and distribute the COVID-19 vaccine in LMICs, including through the COVAX facility. Preference will be given to applicants who have already generated clinical data in humans, as such clinical data will contribute to accelerated approval of the vaccines in LMICs.

It is anticipated that WHO will work with funders and donors to mobilize financial support to establish the hubs and, as they are being established, to support the transfer of technology to selected manufacturers in LMICs, taking into consideration the need to establish permanent vaccine production capacity in regions where this is currently mostly absent. This broader objective will ensure that all WHO regions will be able to produce vaccines as essential preparedness measures against future infectious threats.

To support this activity, we are seeking expressions of interest from:

  1. Small/middle-sized (public or private) manufacturers of medical products (drugs, vaccines or drug substances) preferably, but not exclusively, in LMICs, which could host a COVID-19 mRNA hub and:
    • Assemble the technology up to good manufacturing practices-grade pilot lots for clinical trials;
    • Transfer the appropriate know-how and technology to existing or new manufacturers in LMICs to enable them to develop and produce COVID-19 mRNA vaccines;
  2. Owners (public or private) of technology and/or intellectual property rights. These may be academic institutions, pharmaceutical companies, non-governmental organizations or any other entity willing to contribute these to a technology transfer hub, under the auspices of WHO, to enable production of mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines in LMICs.

For this initial expression of interest, entities willing to be considered as a technology transfer hub (as briefly described above under 1) or able to provide the necessary know-how, process training, and intellectual property rights (as briefly described above under 2), are invited to provide a brief summary of their capacity, and their interest in participating in the establishment of a COVID-19 vaccine technology transfer hub to:

Martin Friede ([email protected]) and Raj Long ([email protected])

A call for interest from manufacturers in LMICs interested in receiving the technology developed by the technology transfer hub(s) will be issued by WHO in the coming weeks. Preference will be given to manufacturers of drugs, vaccines or active pharmaceutical substances based in LMICs and capable of producing medical products on a large scale under Good Manufacturing Practices. Another important factor taken into consideration will be prospect for sustainability and experience with WHO Prequalification.


Technology transfer hubs have been supported previously by WHO to enable the successful development and transfer of processes for adjuvant production and for influenza vaccine production (ref).

The reasons why WHO decided to advance immediately on mRNA vaccines are as follows:

  • They have proven extremely efficacious in protecting against COVID-19, and protection is maintained to a large degree against variants;
  • This technology is very flexible and allows relatively rapid adaptation of the vaccine to variants, if needed;
  • They can be produced by manufacturers of medicines and medical active substances in addition to vaccines;
  • Many technical features are free of Intellectual Property Rights in many countries of the world.